The Difference between DO and
- We use “DO” when someone performs actions, repetitive tasks and obligations.
In other words, “DO” is often used when referring to work of any kind and referring to the action itself.
- We use “MAKE” for creating or producing something, and for actions you choose to do..
In other words, “MAKE” is often used when referring to the result.
When do you use DO?
DO is used as follows:
DO is used when talking about work, jobs or tasks. Note, they do not produce any physical object.
- Have you done your homework?
- I have guests visiting tonight so I should start doing the housework now.
- I wouldn’t like to do that job.
DO is used when we refer to activities in general without being specific. In these cases, we normally use words like thing, something, nothing, anything, everything etc.
- Hurry up! I’ve got things to do!
- Don’t just stand there – do something!
- Is there anything I can do to help you?
We sometimes use DO to replace a verb when the meaning is clear or obvious. This is more common in informal spoken English:
- Do I need to do my hair? (do = brush or comb)
- Have you done the dishes yet? (done = washed)
- I’ll do the kitchen if you do the lawns (do = clean, do = mow)
When do you use MAKE?
Make is for producing, constructing, creating or building something new.
It is also used to indicate the origin of a product or the materials that are used to make something.
- His wedding ring is made of gold.
- The house was made of adobe.
- Wine is made from grapes.
- The watches were made in Switzerland
We also use Make for producing an action or reaction:
- Onions make your eyes water.
- You make me happy.
- It’s not my fault. My brother made me do it!
You make before certain nouns about plans and decisions:
- He has made arrangements to finish work early.
- They’re making plans for the weekend.
- You need to make a decision right now.
We use Make with nouns about speaking and certain sounds:
- She made a nice comment about my dress.
- The baby is asleep so don’t make any noise.
- Can I use your phone to make a call?
- Don’t make a promise that you cannot keep.
We use Make with Food, Drink and Meals:
- I made a cake for her birthday.
- She made a cup of tea.
- I must go now. I have to make dinner.
Compare Do and Make
A: You have to make a cake for Simon.
B: I’ll do it later.
Notice how in the response the verb DO is used. This is because the meaning is clear and to avoid saying “I’ll make it later.” which could sound repetitive.
|DO & MAKE LIST
Do the housework
Do your chores
Do the washing up (UK)
Do the shopping
Do an assignment
Do a report
Do a test (UK)
Do a project
Do a course (UK)
Taking care of your body
Do your makeup
Do your hair
Do your nails
Do non-specific activities
Do a favour (UK) / Do a favor (US)
Do your best
Do a good job
Make the bed
Food, Drink and Meals
Make a cake
Make a cup of tea
Make a noise
Make a comment
Make a joke
Make a point
Make a speech
Make a suggestion
Make a complaint
Make a confession
Make a prediction
Make your eyes water
Make you happy
Make you sleep
Make you smile
Make a contract
Make a choice
Make a plan
Make a decision
Make an attempt/ effort
Make up your mind
Make a profit
Make a fortune
Made of gold/silver
Made from oranges/lemons
Made in Japan/China
Made by me