The Present Simple Tense (Example & Explanation)| English Grammar

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Helena Daily English
Helena Daily English
One of the best ways to improve communication skills is to become familiar with the language by reading, building vocabulary, and discussing what you study in daily conversations. Helena Daily English blog provides the Daily English knowledge that you can study and then try to apply in everyday situations

I. Form
1. Affirmative (+)
I/You/ We /They + Verb
He/she/it + Verb + s/es

Example 1: I go to bed at 11 o’clock
Example 2: He plays football on Sunday

2. Negative (-)
I/You/ We /They + Do not + Verb
He/she/it + Does not + Verb

• Example 1: We don’t watch TV every evening
Example 2: She doesn’t work at night

3. Interrogative (?)
Do + I/You/ We /They + Verb ?
Does + He/she/it + Verb ?

Example 1: Do you learn English every day?
Example 2: Does she listen to music?

II. How to use
1. For general truths and facts that are not limited to a specific time
Ex: Water boils at 100° Celsius.

2. For a repeated, habitual, or usual action
Ex: They watch television regularly.

3. For information from a book, a poem, research, or other work (this is often called the literary present)
Ex: In the play, Romeo and Juliet love each other despite their family differences.

4. For a future event (but there should be a future expression, usually an adverb or adverbial phrase)
Ex: The flight from Boston to New York departs in fifteen minutes.

5. For a future event in an adverb clause.
Ex: It is unclear what the world population will be when the United Nations celebrates its 100th birthday in 2045,

III. Signal words
Every day, sometimes, always, often, usually, seldom, never, first … then
Example: I always get up at 6.00 am

IV. Notes on the simple present, third person singular
1. In the third person singular the verb always ends in -s:
Ex: he wants, she needs, he gives, she thinks.

2. Negative and question forms use DOES (= the third person of the auxiliary ‘DO’) + the infinitive of the verb.
Ex: He wants ice cream. Does he want a strawberry? He does not want vanilla.

3. Verbs ending in -y: the third person changes the -y to -ies:
fly –> flies, cry –> cries . Ex: He tries very hard.

4. Exception: if there is a vowel before the -y:
play –> plays, pray –> prays

5. Add -es to verbs ending in:-ss, -x, -sh, -ch:
he passes, she catches, he fixes, it pushes

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