|1. to get in/to get on: to enter or to board a vehicle
To get in is used for cars; to get on is used for all other forms of transportation.
- Example: It’s easiest to get in the car from the driver’s side. The door on the other side doesn’t work well.
- Ex: I always get on the bus to work at 34th Street.
|2. to get out of/to get off: to leave or to descend from a vehicle.
To get out of is used for cars; to get off is used for all other forms of transportation.
- Ex: Why don’t we stop and get out of the car for a while?
- Ex: Helen got off the train at the 42nd Street terminal.
|3. to put on: to place on oneself (usually said of clothes)
- Ex: Mary put on her coat and left the room.
- Ex: Put your hat on before you leave the house.
|4. to take off: to remove (usually said of clothes)
- Ex: John took off his jacket as he entered the office.
- Ex: Take your sweater off. The room is very warm.
|5. to call up: to telephone (also: to give some one a call)
To call can be used instead of to call up, as in the first example below.
- Ex: I forgot to call up Mr. Jones yesterday. I’d better call him now.
- Ex: Call me up tomorrow, Jane. We’ll arrange a time to have lunch together.
- Ex: I promise to give you a call as soon as I arrive in New York.
|6. to turn on: to start or cause to function (also: to switch on)
- Ex: Please turn on the light; it’s too dark in here.
- Ex: Do you know who turned the air conditioning on?
|7. to turn off: to cause to stop functioning (also: to switch off, to shut off)
Turn on and turn off, as well as their related forms, are used for things that flow, such as electricity, water, gas, etc.
- Ex: Please turn off the light when you leave the room.
- Ex: Are you really listening to the radio, or should I turn it off?
|8. right away: very soon; immediately (also: at once)
- Ex: Dad says that dinner will be ready right away, so we’d better wash our hands and set the table.
- Ex: Tell Will to come to my office right away. I must see him immediately.
- Ex: Stop playing that loud music at once!
|9. to pick up: to lift form the floor, table, etc., with one’s fingers
- Ex: Harry picked up the newspaper that was on the front doorstep.
- Ex: Could you pick your toy up before someone falls over it?
|10. sooner or later: eventually, after a period of time
- Ex: If you study English seriously, sooner or later you’ll become fluent.
- Ex: I’m too tired to do my homework now; I’m sure I’ll do it sooner or later.
|11. to get up: to arise, to rise from a bed; to make someone arise
For the last definition a noun phrase must separate the verb and particle.
- Ex: Carla gets up at seven o’clock every morning.
- Ex: At what time should we get the children up tomorrow?
|12. at first: in the beginning, originally
- Ex: At first English was difficult for him, but later he made great progress.
- Ex: I thought at first that it was Sheila calling, but then I realized that it was Betty.