Phrasal Verbs and Idioms for English Speaking | Lesson 12 – Elementary Level

Must read

Helena Daily English
Helena Daily English
One of the best ways to improve communication skills is to become familiar with the language by reading, building vocabulary, and discussing what you study in daily conversations. Helena Daily English blog provides the Daily English knowledge that you can study and then try to apply in everyday situations
1. up to date: modern; current, timely

Hyphens () separate the parts of this idiom when it precedes a noun form, as in the third example. The verb to update derives from this idiom.

  • Ex: The president insisted that the company bring its aging equipment up to date.
  • Ex: This catalog is not up to date. It was published several years ago.
  • Ex: The news program gave an up-to-date account of the nuclear accident. The newscaster said that he would update the news report every half hour.
2. out of date: not modern; not current, not timely; no longer available in published form
Again, hyphens separate the parts of this idiom when it precedes a noun form as, in the second example. The passive verb to be outdated derives from this idiom.

  • Ex: Many people buy new cars when their old cars become out of date.
  • Ex: I don’t know why Gene likes to wear out-of-date cloth. His clothes are so outdated that even his girlfriend hesitates to be seen with him.
  • Ex: This book can’t be ordered any more because it is out of date.
3. to blow up: to inflate, to fill with air; to explode, to destroy (or be destroyed) by explosion

  • Ex: Daddy, could you please blow up this balloon for me?
  • Ex: When the airplane crashed into the ground, it blew up immediately.
  • Ex: The military had to blow the missile up in midair when it started to go the wrong way.
4. to catch fire: to begin to burn

  • Ex: Don’t stand too close to the gas stove. Your clothes may catch fire.
  • Ex: No one seems to know how the old building caught fire.
5. to burn down: to burn slowly, but completely (usually said of candles); to destroy completely by fire

  • Ex: There was a large amount of wax on the table where the candles had burned down.
  • Ex: The fire spread so quickly that the fire fighters could not prevent the whole block of buildings from burning down.
6. to burn up: to destroy completely by fire; to make angry or very annoyed (also to tick off)

To burn up and to burn down (previous idiom) share the same definition but also have different definitions.

  • Ex: She didn’t want anyone to see the letter, so she burned it up and threw the ashes away.
  • Ex: It really burns me up that he borrowed my car without asking me first.
  • Ex: Mike got ticked off that his friends never offered to help him move to his new apartment. He had to do everything himself.
 7. to burn out: to stop functioning because of overuse; to make tired from too much work

  • Ex: This light bulb has burned out. Could you get another one?
  • Ex: Studying all day for my final exams has really burned me out.
8. to make good: to succeed

  • Ex: He is a hard worker, and I’m sure that he will make good in that new job.
  • Ex: Alma has always made good in everything that she has done.
9. stands to reason: to be clear and logical

This idiom is almost always used with the pronoun subject it and is followed by a that clause.

  • Ex: It stands to reason that a person without experience.
  • Ex: It stands to reason that he isn’t going to pass the course if he never studies.
10. to break out: to become widespread suddenly

  • Ex: An epidemic of measles broke out in Chicago this past week.
  • Ex: If a nuclear war ever breaks out, it is unlikely that many people will survive.
  • Ex: The news says that a large fire has broken out in a huge chemical plant
11. as for: regarding, concerning (also: as to)

  • Ex: As for the money, we will simply have to borrow some more from the bank.
  • Ex: There is no doubt as to her intelligence; she’s the smartest one in the class.
12. to feel sorry for: to pity, to feel compassion for (also: to take pity on)

  • Ex: Don’t you feel sorry for someone who has to work the night shift?
  • Ex: I helped drive Pierre around when he broke his foot because I took pity on him.


More articles

How to speak English Fluently

- Advertisement -Cyber deal on courses extended. Courses Up To 85% Off

Latest article