Phrasal Verbs and Idioms for English Speaking | Lesson 11 – Elementary Level

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Helena Daily English
Helena Daily English
One of the best ways to improve communication skills is to become familiar with the language by reading, building vocabulary, and discussing what you study in daily conversations. Helena Daily English blog provides the Daily English knowledge that you can study and then try to apply in everyday situations
1. to keep out: not to enter, not allow to enter

  • Ex: There was a large sign outside the door that said, “Danger! Keep out!”
  • Ex: I’ve told you to keep the dog out of the house.
2. to keep away (from): to stay at a distance (from); to avoid use of (also: stay away from)

  • Ex: Please be sure to keep the children away from the street!
  • Ex: The signs on the burned-out house said, “Keep Away! Danger Zone.”
  • Ex: It’s important for your health to stay away from dangerous drugs.
3. to find fault with: criticize, to complain about something

  • Ex: It is very easy to find fault with the work of others, but more difficult to accept criticism of one’s own work.
  • Ex: Mrs. Johnson is always finding fault with her children, but they really try to please their mother.
4. to be up to: to be responsible for deciding; to be doing as a regular activity

The second definition is most often used in a question as a form of greeting.

  • Ex: I don’t care whether we go to the reception or not. It‘s up to you.
  • Ex: Hi, George. I haven’t seen you in a while. What have you been up to?
5. ill at ease: uncomfortable or worried in a situation

  • Ex: Speaking in front of a large audience makes many people feel ill at ease.
  • Ex: My wife and I were ill at ease because our daughter was late coming home from a date
6. to do over: to revise, to do again

  • Ex: A noun or pronoun must separate the two parts of this idiom.
  • Ex: You’d better do the letter over because it is written so poorly.
    Ex: Jose made so many mistakes in his homework that the teacher made him do it over.
7. to look into: to investigate, to examine carefully (also: to check into)

  • Ex: The police are looking into the matter of the stolen computers.
  • Ex: The congressional committee will check into the financial dealings of the government contractor
8. to take hold of: to grasp, to grip with the heads

  • Ex: You should take hold of the railing as you go down those steep stairs.
  • Ex: The blind man took hold of my arm as I led him across the street.
9. to get through: to finish, to complete

This idiom is followed either by the –ing form of a verb (a gerund) or by the preposition with.

  • Ex: I didn’t get through studying last night until almost eleven o’clock.
  • Ex: At what time does your wife get through with work every day?
10. from now on: from this time into the future

  • Ex: Mr. Lee’s doctor told him to cut down on eating fatty foods from now on, or else he might suffer heart disease.
  • Ex: I’m sorry that I dropped by at a bad time. From now on I’ll call you first.
11. to keep track of: to keep or maintain a record of; to remember the location of

  • Ex: Steve keeps track of all the long-distance telephone calls related to his business that he makes from his house.
  • Ex: With seven small children, how do the Wilsons keep track of all of them?
12. to be carried away: to be greatly affected by a strong feeling

This idiom can also be used with get instead of be.

  • Ex: Paula and Leanne were carried away by the sad movie that they saw together.
  • Ex: James got carried away with anger when his roommate crashed his new car into a telephone pole.


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