12 English Phrasal Verbs and Idioms for Learning & Improving 4 skills | Lesson 2 – Intermediate Level

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Helena Daily English
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One of the best ways to improve communication skills is to become familiar with the language by reading, building vocabulary, and discussing what you study in daily conversations. Helena Daily English blog provides the Daily English knowledge that you can study and then try to apply in everyday situations
1. inside out: with the inside facing the outside

  • Ex: Someone should tell little Bobby that his shirt is inside out.
  • Ex: The high winds ruined the umbrella by blowing it inside out
2. upside down: with the upper side turned toward the lower side

  • Ex: The accident caused on car to turn upside down, its wheels spinning in the air.
  • Ex: One of the students was only pretending to read her textbook; the teacher could see that the book was actually upside down.
3. to fill in: to write answers in; to inform, to tell

  • Ex: For the second definition, the idiom can be followed by the preposition on and the information that someone is told.
  • Ex: You should be careful to fill in the blanks on the registration form correctly.
  • Ex: Barry was absent from the meeting, so I’d better fill him in.
  • Ex: Has anyone filled the boss in on the latest public relation disaster?
4. to fill out: to complete a form

This idiom is very similar to the first definition above. To fill in refers to completing various parts of a form, while to fill out refers to completing a form as one whole item.

  • Ex: Every prospective employee must fill out an application by giving name, address, previous jobs, etc.
  • Ex: The teenager had some trouble filling the forms out by himself, so his mother helped him.
5. to take advantage of: to use well, to profit from; to use another person’s weaknesses to gain what one wants

  • Ex: I took advantage of my neighbor’s superior skill at tennis to improve my own ability at the game.
  • Ex: Teddy is such a small, weak child that his friends take advantage of him all the time. They take advantage of him by demanding money and making him do things for them.
6. no matter: regardless of
This idiom is a shortened form of it doesn’t matter. It is followed by a question word such as how, where, when, who, etc.

  • Ex: No matter how much money he spends on his clothes, he never looks well dressed.
  • Ex: No matter where that escaped prisoner tries to hide, the police will find him sooner or later.
7. to take up: to begin to do or study, to undertake; to occupy space, time, or energy

  • Ex: After today’s exam, the class will be ready to take up the last chapter in the book.
  • Ex: The piano takes up too much space in our living room. However, it would take too much time up to move it right now; so we’d better wait until later.
8. to take up with: to consult someone about an important matter

The important matter follows the verb take, while the person consulted follows with.

  • Ex: Can I take the problem up with you right now? It’s quite urgent.
  • Ex: I can’t help you with this matter. You’ll have to take it up with the manager.
9. to take after: to resemble a parent or close relative (for physical appearance only, also: to look like)

  • Ex: Which of your parents do you take after the most?
  • Ex: Sam looks like his father, but he takes after his mother in personality.
10. in the long run: eventually, after a long period of time

This idiom is similar in meaning to sooner or later.

  • Ex: The difference is that in the long run refers to a more extended period of time.
  • Ex: In the long run, the synthetic weave in this carpet will wear better than the woolen one. You won’t have to replace it so soon.
  • Ex: If you work hard at your marriage, you’ll find out that, in the long run, your spouse can be your best friend in life.
11. in touch: having contact

  • Ex: James will be in touch with us soon to relay the details of the plan.
  • Ex: I certainly enjoyed seeing you again after all these years. Let’s be sure to keep in touch.
12. out of touch: not having contact; not having knowledge of

  • Ex: Marge and I had been out of touch for years, but then suddenly she called me up the other day. Ex: Larry has been so busy that he seems out of touch with world events


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