Learn English Grammar: Lesson 4 – Prepositions
A preposition is a word that shows the relationship between a noun (or pronoun) and the rest of the sentence.
|about||at for||near on||until|
|above||before from||next to to||with|
|after||by in||of under||without|
Prepositions have many purposes, but they often give us information about place and direction.
|place:||in the classroom||on the table||near the bank|
|under the car||at the hotel||next to my car|
|time:||in the morning||in March||in 1985|
|in ten minutes||for ten minutes||at 9:45|
|on Monday||from noon||until midnight|
|direction:||to the bank||from the bank|
The combination of a preposition with its object (and any modifiers or describing words) is called a prepositional phrase.
preposition + modifier(s) + object = prepositional phrase
- in that classroom = in that classroom
- under our old red sofa = under our old red sofa
- on the second floor = on the second floor